Hematological Malignancy is a type of cancer affecting lymph nodes, bone marrow, and blood. Its effects include weight loss, fevers, bruising, chills, and much more. If left untreated, it can worsen and cause organ failure. Moreover, the symptoms of Hematological Malignancy (blood cancer) are generally vague and generalized. So, in this article, we will read about Hematological Malignancy, aka blood cancer, in detail.
Types of Hematological Malignancy
There are three major types of blood cancer: Myeloma, lymphoma, and Leukemia. These cancers result in abnormal production of white blood cells (leukocytes). Each blood cancer type affects different subtypes of white blood cells. In Hematological Malignancies, the overproduced white blood cells are cancerous and hinder immunity. To understand these types of blood cancers, let’s have a quick overview.
Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood-forming tissue. It includes the lymphatic system as well as bone marrow. Leukemia can be chronic and acute. So, when there is high production of ineffective white blood cells, our body can hardly fight infections. Also, it damages the ability of the bone marrow to produce platelets and red blood cells.
This type of cancer starts in the lymph system cells and affects infection-fighting cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. Moreover, these cells are in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus. When lymphocytes become abnormal, they turn to lymphoma cells. These increase and are gathered in the Lymph nodes and other tissues. Consequently, as time passes by, these cancerous cells damage the immune system.
This type of blood cancer affects plasma cells in the body. The plasma cells are white blood cells that generate antibodies in the body to fight off infections and diseases. Furthermore, these cells disturb the normal antibody production in the body, making you more prone to diseases, infection, and weak immune systems.
Symptoms of Hematological Malignancy
There are several symptoms of blood cancers. Some common signs and symptoms include:
- Recurring infections
- Enlarged Lymph nodes
- Easy bleeding and bruising
- Shortness of breath
- Poor appetite
- Unplanned weight loss
- Night sweats
- Joint or bone pain
- Painful or distended abdomen
- Regular mild fever
- Less urine due to impaired kidney function.
You can have some or all these signs with any type of blood cancer. However, some symptoms may be more common in specific types. Lymph node swelling, for example, is more common in lymphoma than in other types of blood cancer, but it can occur in any type.
Rare Symptoms of Haematological Malignancy AKA Blood Cancer
Besides the mentioned above symptoms, less common symptoms are:
- Abdominal swelling
- Rash or itchy skin
- Pain in bone
- Amyloidosis, a type of protein that deposits in the tissue of the organ
- Jaundice, yellowing of eyes and skin
Hematological Malignancy Therapy and Treatment Options
The treatment of bone marrow and blood cancer treatment cost in India depends on the cancer type, age, where cancer spreads, how fast cancer is spreading, and more. So, based on these factors, your doctor will recommend treatment and therapy.
- Stem cell Transplantation
This type of therapy infuses healthy blood-producing stem cells into the body. In fact, these cells can be collected from the bone marrow, circulating umbilical cord blood.
This therapy uses anticancer drugs to restrict the growth of cancer cells in the body. Moreover, Chemotherapy involves giving certain drugs, which can be given before stem cell transplant.
- Radiation therapy
This therapy uses beams of energy to destroy cancer cells. This type of therapy uses a machine that extracts high-energy beams aiming at the exact affected area of the body. This therapy aims to kill cancer cells while getting the patient rid of discomfort and pain.
Choosing the Best Hospital for Hematological Malignancy (blood cancer treatment)
If you or anyone you know suffers from Hematological Malignancy, it is important to look for the best hospital and knowledgeable surgeon. Although you may get many recommendations from people, it is vital to make the selection wisely. So, if you are looking for a reliable and trustworthy platform that can help you with the best and affordable treatment, look no other than Lyfboat.
This world’s most trusted medical advisory and discount platform make hunting for experienced doctors and the best hospitals easy. It provides you with all the details you need to know about a hospital and surgeon who will provide you with Hematological Malignancy treatment. So, what are you waiting for? Get a Live Telly Consultation and get a free quote today!
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